Each operating system uses its own data storage standard. This refers to the type of file system. Windows is currently one of the most popular for personal computers, it is introducing new technologies and ideas to improve efficiency. The NTFS file system stands for New Technology File System, which means the new technology file system. It was specifically designed for operating systems of the Windows family of systems.
The NTFS file system was introduced in June 1993 but was introduced much later, when all the nuances were worked out, and the need for it appeared. Before it, the FAT system was used, which could not cope with new tasks, namely the emergence of new types of data, large files and other things. NTFS supports work with metadata, is able to independently structure information in order to improve performance.
All these advantages allowed to achieve greater efficiency than the FAT and HPFS systems. In this case, the developments were combined, as well as the strengths of each system, in order to gain something new, capable of reaching a higher level. NTFS is able to perform all the standard operations of reading, writing and storing files, but at the same time, it is more efficient in terms of the implementation of the system recovery capabilities. Moreover, the NTFS file system can even work on large-capacity hard drives, which was at that time one of the main requirements.
With the development of computer systems, the need for increased security has arisen; this task was to be carried out, including at the expense of the new file system. Computers have become more actively used in the corporate environment, so specific requirements have appeared. The capabilities of this file system extend to private user privileges. This is the basis for creating reliable security tools for corporate data.
Using NTFS in various operating systems
The NTFS file system is supported by many operating systems and not just the Windows family. Other examples worth highlighting the free Linux and installed on Apple Mac OS X computers. It is accepted as some kind of average data storage format. The NTFS system provides improved work with file permissions, in particular, the user gets wide opportunities to work with them.
In general, the development of the system did not represent something difficult, but in the end, it turned out to be quite a powerful tool. The idea was reduced to a certain structuring of all file data in this system. Everything is combined into one file, and all disk space is divided into sectors. Even metadata, i.e. data belonging to the file system itself is subject to the general rules.
Due to this arrangement of information and its structuring, higher reliability indicators are achieved. The user can either restore the file system or perform other operations. Also, he will always know how to change the file system, because the OS itself often provides the ability to format any media in the correct file system.
In the NTFS file system, each file is assigned certain types of information, allowing it to determine its position and properties. MFA is the main file table occupying a specific segment on a disk or volume. It uses general information about each file. The MFT is a mirrored recording stored in duplicate in case one is damaged. The MFT stores information about the disk segments and their location and this information is duplicated in the logical center of the disk. To restore the files, another entry in the MFT is needed - these are logs or log files.